Local communities hold the least power in the planning process and central government and developers hold the most, according to a survey of councillors across the UK.
In this Fracking Week in Parliament: Two Conservatives from shale gas areas quiz the government on fracking impacts: Mark Menzies (Fylde) asks about health and air quality monitoring Fiona Bruce (Congleton) asks about impacts on communities
Planners have recommended approval of the first shale gas exploration plans in Nottinghamshire.
The planning committee of the South Downs National Park Authority voted this morning to reject an application from Celtique Energie to drill an exploratory oil well at Fernhurst. Here is a summary of the key issues raised by members of the committee as they came to their decision.