COP26: 100+ leaders promise to end deforestation by 2030

More than 100 world leaders have promised to stop and reverse deforestation by the end of the decade.

Deforestation in Mining in the Yanomami Indigenous Land in Brazil. Photo: Chico Batata/Greenpeace

The agreement, signed at the COP26 climate talks in Glasgow, is estimated to cover 85% of the world’s forests, an area of over 13 million square miles..

It promises to protect areas including the Congo Basin, home to the second largest rain forest, the Amazon, and the eastern Siberian taiga.

The UK government described it as the biggest step forward in protecting the world’s forests in a generation.

WWF has estimated that forest the size of a football pitch is lost every two seconds.

Forests absorb about a third of the global carbon dioxide released from burning fossil fuels ever year. Destruction of forests to produce products such as palm oil, soya, beef and cocoa, is a major source of carbon emissions.

The agreement, to be known as the Glasgow Declaration, is the first major deal to come out of the COP26 talks. The UK prime minister, Boris Johnson said this morning:

“With this pledge, we have a chance to end humanity’s long history as nature’s conqueror, and become its custodian.”

A previous agreement, signed in 2014, promised to halve tropical deforestation and restore 150 million hectares of land by 2020. But since then, the loss of primary forest has increased.

This time, the signatories include Russia and China, alongside countries with some of the largest areas of forest, such as Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

The deal includes £5.3bn of new private finance and £8.75bn of public funding to restore degraded land, support indigenous communities, protect forest and heal the effects of damage from wildfires.

The UK will provide £1.5bn, of which £350m will go to Indonesia and £200m to the LEAF Coalition, an organisation working to protect tropical forests. The UK will also contribute £200m to a new £1.1bn fund to protect the Congo Basin, where forests are threatened by logging, mining and agriculture.

The agreement includes a commitment to removing deforestation from the global trade in food and agricultural products.

More than 30 of the largest finance companies, including Aviva, Schroders and Axa, will end investment in activities linked to deforestation.

The president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, said:

“Indonesia is blessed as the most carbon rich country in the world on vast rainforests, mangroves, oceans and peatlands. We are committed to protecting these critical carbon sinks and our natural capital for future generations.

“We call on all countries to support sustainable development paths that strengthen the livelihoods of communities – especially indigenous, women and smallholders.”

President of Colombia Iván Duque said:

“Never before have so many leaders, from all regions, representing all types of forests, joined forces in this way and Colombia is committed to playing its part. We will enshrine in law a commitment to net-zero deforestation by 2030 – one of the most ambitious commitments in Latin America – and to protecting 30% of our land and ocean resources by 2030.

“Now we must all work in partnership with businesses, the finance sector, smallholder farmers, Indigenous Peoples and local communities to create the conditions for forest-positive economies to grow and thrive.

Tuntiak Katan, coordinator of the Global Alliance of Territorial Communities, representing communities from the rainforests of Africa, Latin America and Indonesia, said the announcement raised the visibility of indigenous peoples and local communities as a climate solution to an “unprecedented level”.

But Carlos Rittl, from Brazil for the Rainforest Foundation Norway, said:

“Big cheques won’t save the forests if the money doesn’t go into the right hands.”

And Asad Rehman, of War on Want and the CoP26 Coalition, said:

“I’m all for positive announcements at COP26: But yet again promising to end deforestation by 2030 whilst expanding fossil fuels, bankrolling big agribusiness and the net zero madness that requires massive land grabs will just end up burning our forests.”

John Sauven, executive director of Greenpeace, was also cautious about the agreement:

“Everyone wants to see zero deforestation, not least the indigenous peoples whose homes and livelihoods are under threat. But without tackling the drivers of destruction it’s like whistling in the wind to think cash alone will work. Cattle and soya for animal feed are wiping out the Amazon and savannahs of Brazil. The industrial meat industry, like its counterpart in the fossil fuel sector, needs to come to an end.”

In a separate announcement, at least £1.25bn of funding will be given directly to indigenous peoples and local communities by governments and philanthropists for their role in protecting forests. But the promised funds are still below what some believe is needed.

Mina Setra, an indigenous rights activist from Borneo, said:

“We are undervalued and our rights are still not respected.

“A statement is not enough. We need evidence, not only words.”

Full list of signatories to the Glasgow Declaration

Albania, Andorra, Angola, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D’Ivoire, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, European Union, Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Congo, Romania, Russia, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Tanzania, Togo, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, Uruguay, United Kingdom, United States of America, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

DrillOrDrop’s reporting from COP26 has been made possible by individual donations from readers

12 replies »

  1. By 2030? By then they will chop every tree on this planet…

    The research says 15.3 billion trees are chopped down every year.31 May 2021

    I see no future for human species.

  2. In India much of the deforestation has been to produce firewood, for cooking.

    Good news for the tigers, but what will replace the firewood is the bigger question.

    • Ahh, the usual scare mongering appears unbidden and unwanted. Such a dark depressing attitude? No wonder? Nothing will be achieved with that attitude.

      Clearly you guys haven’t looked at what is already going on in India and elsewhere. There are off-grid localised shared renewable resources villages in India and elsewhere, that don’t use imported energy. They collectively buy and construct the equipment themselves, solar panels and wind generators, not the great massive energy intensive ones, but locally made and resourced efficient generators and all sorts of innovative efficient designs, solar panels and drainage systems, irrigation systems and even cleaning up all the rubbish and recycling it. Tree growing programs, reforestation and diversified crops, doing away with non renewable resources and so on.

      15 Progressive Indian Villages That Will Make You Want to Ditch Your City Life Right Away!

      Around 25,000 villages to get electrified through micro-grids

      Many of these innovations were started by individuals that wanted to pay something back to the ecology and environment and are making a living by exporting their proven successes to other village communities. They believe, as the west should, that simply relying on major infrastructure and multi national corporations to take care of their needs is exploitative and counter productive. They plant new trees for simple things like the birth of a girl child, thereby overturning the ancient prejudiced against girl children and making them valuable to the village. Also women and children now clean up after everyone to keep their villages clean and healthy. Tree planting is becoming a way of life for these small villages, and not a politician in sight.

      All of this was being done before COP26, but it is far more likely that the west will see that people will be taking a green leaf from India and 3rd world nations books and going completely self sufficient away from multi national exploitative profit motivated greed and avarice.

      The picture in India and elsewhere in third world countries is no where near as bleak as some would like to paint it. The solutions are already there, as they are here. It would be good to see off-grid local sharing of local renewable energy resources here too. A long ago needed move away from centralised power grids and centralised control of energy and resources.

      • Well, there you go-India has ceased having monsoons and everything is rosy in the wind turbine and solar panel gardens!

        There’s a whacking great hole in that bucket, dear Lisa.

        (Build it, and they will come. Never fails.)

        Tree planting I like. However, there are two holes in that bucket that require fixing. The land has to be acquired in many countries, and that is expensive, and then a long wait before a positive result. Alternatively, land owners can be persuaded to plant trees on their land, but the issue there is that usually they were achieving an annual income from some crop or livestock on that land and that needs to be covered with grants until the trees gain maturity, can be thinned and generate an income that way. All possible, but pretty expensive for 30-50 years.

        And, do not plant your trees in the UK around a ground sourced heat system! They tend to die.

        Of course, what has persuaded land owners in UK to plant trees without huge inputs of tax payers money is to improve the shooting resource on their land-for which they can earn decent income-possibly as good as that which they sacrifice from previous cropping. (However, that is protested against too!) Eco tourism in other countries could be a neat replacement for that-except the eco tourists have to get there!
        Then, there is the consideration of replacing the crops that were being grown on the deforested land, on other land, which may require extra fertilizer usage!

        • Dear, Oh Dear, Oh Dear, Oh Dear! What a negative display? Anyone would think that you wanted to see death and destruction, and not ordinary people in India sorting out their own problems their own ways?
          Perhaps its because they have chosen to avoid the fossil fuel traps and are going for self sufficiency? There is nothing that people cannot do, provided they are given the correct resources.
          Rather than a negative song, perhaps it would be more apt to remember that to give a hungry family a fish, only feeds them for a day. But give the family a boat, and they can feed themselves for as long as there are fish.
          Its the same with imported technology, make a poor family pay daily for their energy and they can only use it as long as they have sufficient money. give the family the renewable resources to share with many other families, and they will have enough energy to last them all year, and the next and the next, and so on.
          They will no longer be reliant on external multinational energy corporations who can turn off their energy just when and as often as they feel like it. Providing their own energy however frees them up out of the poverty trap and lets them build in more innovation. Lets them plant more trees. It lets them plant diversity crops and diversity trees, that is what nature does, not just minimum basic necessity mono cultures.
          With more time and energy they can send their children to university to learn how to enhance the local ecologies and environments. They can expand their knowledge and their experience to other areas and make them self sufficient too.
          As more and more education, innovation and knowledge grow, they can learn how to avoid the pollution of the fossil fuel monopolies and to learn to prevent further sea rises, to prevent further floods by intelligent planning.
          Chemical fertiliser concentrated on crop fields is a dead end process. For countless millions of years the soil flora and fauna, microbiological and fungi processes, have made the natural land a uniquely rich and fertile growing medium. Returning natural nutrients to the soil enhances that process. Organic growth is far far more efficient and fertile for growing the way nature grows things, on multiple layers, with multiple diverse plants that have for millennia developed a self supporting growing medium. That was once how all food was grown.

          WW2 and the need to grow crops all year round was the all the impetus required for the petrochemical corporations to take over farming for profit and greed. Now intensive chemical farming and mono culture crops are almost the norm.
          Just like medicine, which was high jacked by David Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie using the Flexner Report in 1910. Doctors and medical institutes were forced into prescribing only petrochemical drugs that were derived from oil and so called natural gas. Massive financial pressures forced the naturalistic medicine to the point of making many of their natural mineral and vitamin and plant products illegal. Doctors were even jailed for prescribing natural products. That effectively destroyed the natural holistic medicines and holistic doctors medical institutions.
          In the same way, in the early part of WW2, the petrochemical corporations encouraged the farmers to use new petrochemical derived fertilisers that overwhelmed the natural bacteria and fungi in the soil. Farmers were encouraged to plough the soil far deeper into the soil structure rather than just the top growing surface, which was previously the limit that a horse and plough could do.
          The excuse was to make farmland productive for longer and every year, during wartime, not to allow the fields and the soil to recover every one to five years, dependent upon crop and not to rotate the fields with alternative crops or to lie fallow for a year..

          The natural organic way was to rotate crops from one field to another to reduce the strain on the natural soil processes. That was the usual practice up to that time. Also ploughing actually does a lot of damage to the natural soil structure and exposes the subsoil and bacteria and fungi to displacement and oxidation. Most fields so treated are now almost devoid of natural minerals, natural growing medium bacteria, flora and fauna, which used to make the soil endlessly fertile.
          But the petrochemical fertilisers promised to enable crops every year, and to not need rotation and also to allow mono culture crops for vast field areas. Hedge rows which supported the natural wildlife which kept down crop pests and sheltered field in bad weather were ploughed under and scoured up.
          The result of all that soil abuse is that more and more fertilisers are needed for even one crop, let alone many. More and more pesticides are needed to kill pests rather than allow the natural control of the wildlife living in the hedgerows and fallow fields. Fertilisers now pour into streams and rivers causing untold damage, pesticides like Monsanto/Beyer “roundup” are deadly to all wildlife and humans and kill entire colonies of bees that used to pollinate the crops all over the world. Utter insanity.
          There are now so many fertilisers that are enforced by insane farming laws, as are pesticides that poison and kill natural wildlife. There are also Monsanto/Beyer genetically modified crops that cannot grow without fertilisers and pesticides. Many plant seeds have the pesticides genetically incorporated and bound into their structure. Many plant seeds are not fertile deliberately. New seeds have to be purchased each year.
          The result of that is pesticide poisoning to the consumer and the genetic modifications aren’t even from plants! There are naturally impossible genetic modifications that put animal and insect genes bound into their structures. That can never happen naturally. They are insane chimeric abominations. There are even pig/human chimeras. Utterly insane.
          That entire process has rendered the fertile soils in England, Ireland. Wales and Scotland and in particular in the USA and Europe, into almost sterile wastelands that cannot produce any natural growth any more without countless millions of tons of fertilisers, countless millions of litres of pesticides.
          Farmers still cannot grow enough food. What is grown is inevitably stripped of nutrients, minerals and vitamins to the point where every person needs to supplement their food with minerals and vitamins just to live a halfway normal healthy existence.
          There are have been trials where fields and soil is allowed to return to their natural state, though getting rid of the fertilisers and pesticides can take years. the fields are then only fertilised with natural compost and manure from chemically clean animals.
          The result is astonishing as the crops are once again nutritious, the fields are easy to be left fallow for next year without ploughing. The crops from naturalised field far outweigh the miserably deficient chemical soaked farmed crops. The hedgerows and natural ponds are returned and the wildlife returns to protect the natural crop rotations.
          The fertiliser/chemical/pesticide ridden fields and crops cannot compete.
          That was how the petrochemical corporations took over and effectively destroyed natural farming. That is what must change.
          That should be another priority discussion fro COP26. Or should it be CROP26?

          [Correction at poster’s request]

          • [Edited by moderator]

            Two simple truths.

            Most large arable farms in UK no longer plough but do use minimal cultivation on most crops. Machinery design has allowed that and it is followed. For root crops like spuds that may not be appropriate where deeper cultivation is required.

            With respect to crop rotation that is still the norm on much of the farmland in UK. If you are in any doubt see how sugar beet is incorporated into such across much of the East of England, and then using sheep to consume the tops and fertilize the land. Done for years and still done. (Would be a whole lot better if UK consumers were willing to pay more for UK woolen garments.) Also note that the same area is home to much of the pig and chicken production-because of the location of the grain for feed-and then the manure is returned to the arable land, or, in some cases with free range pigs they are rotated across the land adding their manure in the process.

            Perhaps the author would do better to really become acquainted with the subject? Perhaps researching some of the developments Dyson is bringing to the table? Yes, it involves making fields appropriate for machinery controlled by sat. nav., but it also then includes replanting hedges in new positions. It also involves continuing minimum cultivation and specific focused fertilizer and chemical application applied by crop mapping from drones ie. plonk it where it is needed to be cost effective. Same technique used to map ground nesting birds to avoid disturbance at the appropriate times.

            [Edited by moderator]

            With so much information now readily available (good) it is a shame some can’t be bothered to identify what is the reality amongst it (not so good). A new dilemma for University lecturers.

            Enjoy-some reality.

            • “Most large arable farms in UK no longer plough but do use minimal cultivation on most crops”

              Please provide links and substantiated sources, examples and proof to back up your claims.

              Unfortunately you provide no links or proof for what you say. Whereas I provided links you can follow up if you are so moved. If you want to provide links, I will be happy to look at them. There are more here below.

              However, meanwhile back in the real world, to redirect the avoidance away from personal somewhat uninformed opinion back to the facts. I prefer real world truth to uninformed imagination. Why not try it sometime?

              Due to the monopolistic petrochemical and pollution, and the farming regulations that enforced the use of fertilisers and pesticides initiated primarily in the years of WW2. Farming has become a chemically intensive industrialised soil destructive and polluted process. That followed on from the USA dust bowl effects of over farming in unsuitable soil areas of USA. Where the plains soil was a poor growing medium due to location, and climate differentials.

              One of the main fertilisers of what soil existed, was naturally provided by vast herds of Buffalo. The White settler governments carried out a genocidal and deliberate extinction attack on the Buffalo to starve out and drive away the native American plains tribes. They had for centuries followed the Buffalo for food, shelter and materials. Once the Buffalo were almost extinct by the white settlers, who instituted a bounty for hides and horns and left the carcasses to rot in the sun. The soil therefore deteriorated and was then settled by white farmers once the natives were starved to death or moved away to reservations. The small farm white settlers ploughed the soils weak structure and planted crops. The plains weakened and natural fertiliser starved soil was unable to support continual crop growing. The damaged all but destroyed the thin soil structure which then turned to dust storms which blew away in the wind to infamous historical and disastrous effect.

              Rather than return the land to its natural state and to use natural processes to enhance and improve the soil which would have been possible even in those times. The petrochemical short term profit motive method was enforced. WW2 only extended that attitude to the UK.

              Here are some links for you to check what happens in the real world. Uou can do your own research to find out the truth, rather than unsubstantiated opinion and vague insulting insinuations.

              How Industrial Agriculture Affects Our Soil

              Land environmental damage as a result of intensive farming

              Factory farming intensifies climate change, releasing vast volumes of greenhouse gases.

              Intensive Agriculture: Impact on Humans, Animals, and the Planet

              However, the intensive and heavy use of fertilisers and pesticides and the inevitable pollution effects are something that I notice you avoid referring to. Rather they are diverted onto other subjects which is the usual avoidance abd diversion process.

              Yes deep ploughing is still the norm. Yes crop rotation is minimal, if not absent, Yes leaving fields fallow to recover is a rare occurrence due to the same financial pressures. Yes pesticides are killing natural and managed bee colonies worldwide.



              • Why would you need a link, PhilC? Are you not able to get out and about and look at that yourself?

                I am sorry if that is the case, but the reality will be there for others to observe. They can do that for themselves.

                And those who live in Eastern England can observe, and smell, the sugar beet being processed, and if they are interested check with those in Eastern England about how it is produced. I have lived in Eastern England and knew the field opposite my house would be wheat one year, then rape the next and maybe sugar beet the next. At no time would there be ploughing in that 100 acre field.

                It really is not that difficult. Nobody needs to select information from the Internet when they can get it from their own observation or discussion.

                Not too sure there will be too many old enough to remember much about 1939 but there was a certain country who indeed wanted to follow extensive, organic food production and decided that Poland would be required to achieve that. Not exactly a model to follow. I prefer a model where a country can adequately feed it’s population without resort to that, and if that country willingly allows an expansion to it’s population then it needs to accept the consequences in achieving that.

                Meanwhile, the UK public is finding out the realities of E10 petrol, where the 10 is renewable ethanol. From where? The growing of wheat to produce fuel. The result? Less miles per liter, no reduction in cost and the price of wheat, and therefore bread etc. rocketing across the world. The UK Gov. web site refers to that producing more animal feed! No, it does not. It just diverts wheat that would be previously grown for human food into animal feed, and a shortage of wheat for human food in every year where there is not a bumper harvest, and then an increase in the cost of any human food containing wheat.
                They may still be ignorant to the crop planting in USA that is often dictated by the price of ethanol, so that some years more maize is planted to produce fuel, and less soya. Animal nutritionists across the world watch that carefully as when that happens, soya prices rise, the price of animal feed rises and any meat from livestock receiving that animal feed becomes more expensive. But, shush, let us not inform the public about that cost of living, either. Or how much land is used in Brazil to grow sugar cane to produce fuel for vehicles.

                No, deep ploughing is not the norm. There are huge areas of the world cultivated where deep ploughing has never been attractive as the soil depth is not sufficient. It is too costly anyway with respect to fuel consumption, as deep ploughing is followed by further cultivation, so avoided unless necessary as with spuds, and some other crops that require a deep seedbed.

                And, deep ploughing is a way of burying weeds so less herbicide is required! So, in some cases it has that added benefit, and does fit some systems well.

                Crop rotation is indeed common where crop rotation is possible. Crop rotation has never been possible in certain climates and certain soil types. Fallow soil is only possible if there is enough area to allow soil to lie fallow. Don’t think the Poles will be too happy to allow for that to be repeated.

                Bees are another matter. Very good for featuring in Green leaflets and the air miles to bring the honey from over the horizon! Except, the reality in my locality was the author had a bee keeper around 100 meters away and was unaware! Just goes to show, much better to get out and about and check reality rather than rely upon the Internet to provide something which is not the reality. Then when a swarm appears in your garden you can pop round to the neighbour and ask them to come and collect, for which you may be gifted some free honey with zero airmiles. Recycling at it’s best, but sadly doesn’t fit the Greens agenda so Internet links instead.

                Perhaps just grow rice?

                Until the methane issue is checked.

                • Blah! Blah! Blah! As Greta Thunberg is fond of saying?

                  Fortunately back in the real world its not bound by illusions and apocryphal neighbours. nor is it bound by cherry picking one isolated issue, whilst ignoring everything else. Funny that?

                  Facts are more reliable. Hadn’t you noticed by the way, that you are actually on the internet? Yep! And all this time did you really think it was all just another fantasy? Sorry to burst that particular bubble old thing. Facts are stranger than fiction arent they?

                  Plenty of examples of ploughing here too. No fictional fantasies and delusions are required.


                  Ploughing and drilling in Perthshire harvest 2019

                  Ploughing 2021 with New Holland T7.245 and Case Puma 150/ Headland management setup

                  Extreme hill PLOWING 2020 New Holland T7.290 & Case Puma 210

                  Never mind. Its not so bad out here in the real world really. No need to be apprehensive. Just pull back those total black out curtains and take a peek.


                  All that ploughing to look at too.

                  And try this for facts: 1 in 5 people worldwide die of fossil fuel pollution. Fact.

                  The Human Race is fast losing the last race in the middle of the sixth major extinction level event in the Earth’s history. Fact.

                  All due to fossil fuels. Fact. Including petrochemical fertilisers, Bee killing pesticides and around 80% of all wildlife, plants and insects. Fact.

                  Quite a terminal achievement in 2,000 years of human beings ignorance of the real natural world, and 250 years of poisonous and polluting with out of control industrialisation, greed and profit making being the only criteria some will even consider.

                  Sad really, that only in the last seconds to extinction, that we actually have an opportunity to reverse it and crawl back to nature, carbon and fossil fuels cap in hand, and say: “Sorry! Will you forgive us? “We” will do much better this time?”.

                  Nature gazes back unmoved….and then says: “Prove It”.

    • Still going on about one single issue?

      And, then repeating.

      Yes, as I stated ploughing happens. It is not the norm in UK. It is incorrect to state that it is. There are certain situations where that is beneficial, and looking at your pictures I can identify two of them, which you are unable to do, yet you seem to think somehow that makes you correct. It doesn’t. You are not.

      Perhaps, you may look back at one of your pictures and it will be obvious that ploughing in that situation has required extra red diesel to be used compared to minimal cultivation, and extra labour and equipment. That is not done without good reason. Red diesel is still a major cost within cultivation, as are the other two inputs and they are not wasted. Perthshire is a clue. Lovely area and the farmers will be pleased to tell you why they do what they do. The countryside is far more open to visitors than it was. Perhaps some visitors could find out what is happening and why?

      May be better to understand why things are done in a certain way, even though they are obviously more expensive. Farmers do not have the luxury to apply extra cost unless that is required. They will also know that elsewhere many of their friends do things in a different way, because they are able to do so and still achieve the same outputs.

      I am sure though they would be amused to see the Internet warriors feeling they can look at a picture and learn about what they have been refining for generations to achieve optimum soil fertility and crop yield-and both are generally good in Perthshire.

      And whilst a single issue, it really is illuminating to see how a subject that is obviously not appreciated can be so distorted.

      Each to their own.

      • Well! Well! Ladies and Gentlemen, Boys and Girls. What do “we” see now?

        Still going on about one single issue? Blah! Blah! Blah!
        Red Diesel! Blah! Blah! Blah!….
        Isolation! Blah! Blah! Blah!
        Repetition! Blah! Blah! Blah!
        Unsubstantiated Opinion! Blah! Blah! Blah!
        1 in 5 deaths caused by fossil fuel pollution!….(silence)….
        6th major extinction event in Earth’s history!….(silence)….

        No. Not pictures old thing. Videos. You know? Moving Pictures? With Sound and Colour? Just click on the arrow….see? Cinematic wonders will never cease.

        Ahh! So ploughing happens now does it? The truth emerges at last. That what I said too.

        Agreement at last!

        Are “we” having fun yet? Oops! I just did another “we”!

        Thanks for an enjoyable conversation.

        Don’t worry. Its all in the dream of the Red Diesel King you know. (See what I did there?) Nothing that can’t be understood once Alice wakes up and look out of the window to watch the ploughing.

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