The first version of the COP26 climate agreement was published this morning with calls for countries to do more to cut carbon emissions.
The document includes a specific proposal for the first time to phase out burning coal and end all subsidies for fossil fuels.
It said all parties should come back at the end of next year with new and improved emissions plans and there should be another world leaders’ summit in 2023.
The document will now be negotiated by the countries attending the conference.
The COP26 in Glasgow has focussed on the need to “keep alive” the prospect of limiting global temperature increase to 1.5C by 2100.
Today’s document, known as the draft cover decision, recognised that every increase in temperature made the effects worse.
It called for “rapid, deep and sustained reductions in global greenhouse emissions”. This included the cut of 45% in carbon dioxide emissions by 2030, relative to 2010 levels, and to net zero by mid-century.
But so far, country plans for emissions reductions, known as nationally determined contributions, are not enough to limit warming to 1.5C.
Analysis published yesterday by Climate Action Tracker predicted global temperatures were expected to rise by at least 2.4C, despite pledges made at the COP26 talks.
Today’s draft decision called for “meaningful and effective action” from all countries in this “critical decade”.
The draft decision said urgent and increased ambition and action was needed in mitigation, adaptation and funding to fill the gaps between current plans and what is needed to prevent temperature rise.
It said that by the end of next year parties should “revisit and strengthen the 2030 targets in their nationally-determined contributions, as necessary to align with the Paris Agreement temperature goal”.
It called on countries to “accelerate the phasing out of coal and subsidies for fossil fuels”. This has timetable and is expected to be contested.
It invited them to “consider further opportunities to reduce non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas emissions”.
It also “strongly urges” all countries to meet any outstanding pledges as soon as possible. And it emphasised the “critical importance of nature-based solutions”.
The document noted with “serious concern” that there was not enough money to help developing countries respond to worsening impacts of climate change.
It urged developed countries to “urgently scale-up” their provision of climate finance for adaptation and called for “significantly enhanced” financial support for developing countries, beyond the goal, not yet met, of USD 100bn/year.
The draft included loss and damage from climate impacts – a key issue in developing countries. It said developed countries should increase their support and action to avert, minimise and address loss and damage but with no specifics and timescale.
The former UK climate envoy, John Ashton, told the BBC’s Today programme that people would demand clear commitments in the final text to reduce emissions:
“It’s a very dangerous and delicate situation for the negotiators. The whole thing I think will be balanced on knife edge and normally, in a situation like this, you reach for the fudge. You’re not going to get more pledges at this stage. But the thing about the public being activated now about this now is there’s no fudge available.
Boris Johnson is due to meet negotiators on a visit to Glasgow today.
Links to documents
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